Khenpo Kunga Wangchuk 貢噶．旺秋堪布
Khenpo Ngawang Kunga Wangchuk was born in 1921 in the state of Derge in East Tibet, in the Jonda district, in the village of Renda. At the age of twelve his parents taught him to read and write. He worked on his parents' farm until the age of eighteen.
In 1938 he took monastic ordination at Dosib Monastery, which belonged to the Ngor lineage of the Sakya school. His uncle, Khenchen Dosib Thubten Gyaltsen, was the head of the Monastery. From Dosib Khenpo Dzepa Lekshe he received the precepts of an ordained monk. When Khenchen Dosib Thubten Gyaltsen founded a shedra at the Monastery, Kunga Wangchuk was able to join the teachings.
1938年，堪布在屬於薩迦派哦巴傳承的的多系寺領受出家戒，當時他的舅舅多系．圖登．嘉岑大堪布（Khenchen Dosib Thubten Gyaltsen）是該寺的住持。當年堪布是從多系堪布澤巴．雷謝（Dosib Khenpo Dzepa Lekshe）處領受出家戒，而後當多系．圖登．嘉岑大堪布在寺內成立佛學院時，貢噶．旺秋也得以一起上課。
In 1939 Kunga Wangchuk went on a one-year pilgrimage to Lhasa and Central Tibet. At Ngor Monastery he received the precepts of full monastic ordination from Ngor Khenchen Jampa Namkha Kunzang Tenpe Gyaltsen, and received the name Kunga Wangchuk. Returning first to Kham, at the age of twenty-two, he joined the shedra at Öntö Monastery in order to study with Öntö Khyenrab Chökyi Özer. In 1943, Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö requested Khenchen Dosib Thubten Gyaltsen to teach as the main khenpo at Dzongsar Shedra. Kunga Wangchuk accompanied his uncle as his attendant. This was the first time Kunga Wangchuk met Jaymang Khyentse Chökyi Lodro. He went on to receive many teachings from him, including a commentary on Shantideva’s Compendium of Training.
1939年，貢噶．旺秋前去拉薩和衛藏朝聖一年。在哦寺，他從哦．堪千．蔣巴．南卡．袞桑．滇貝．嘉岑（Ngor Khenchen Jampa Namkha Kunzang Tenpe Gyaltsen）處獲得具足比丘戒，並得到了貢噶．旺秋這個法名。22歲那年，他首先回到康區，進入旺丁寺（Öntö Monastery）的佛學院，以便依止旺丁．欽惹．確吉．沃瑟（Öntö Khyenrab Chökyi Özer）學習。1943年，蔣揚．欽哲．確吉．羅卓邀請多系．圖登．嘉岑大堪布至宗薩佛學院任教，擔任住持堪布，貢噶．旺秋便以侍者的身份伴隨舅舅一同前往。這是貢噶．旺秋第一次見到蔣揚．欽哲．卻吉．羅卓，並進而從其處得到包括寂天菩薩《學處要集》等在內的諸多法教。
Khenchen Dosib Thubten Gyaltsen taught for eight years at Dzongsar Shedra and Kunga Wangchuk was able to join the teachings for the entire period. During this time, Kunga Wangchuk became his uncle's assistant teacher. He later said that the pressure to prepare for the teaching sessions was so great that he had to study for most of the night and hardly found time to sleep.
Later, Kunga Wangchuk received many teachings on sutra and tantra from Dezhung Tulku Ajam Rinpoche, and Yena Chöphel Rabgye. In total, Kunga Wangchuk studied for over ten years with Dzongsar Khyentse Chökyi Lodro and his uncle Khenchen Dosib Thubten Gyaltsen.
其後，貢噶．旺秋從德松．祖古．安江仁波切（Dezhung Tulku Ajam Rinpoche）和葉納．群培．繞傑（Yena Chöphel Rabgye）處領受了許多經續二部的法教。貢噶．旺秋一共師從宗薩．欽哲．確吉．羅卓和他的舅舅多系．圖登．嘉岑大堪布十多年的時間。
At the age of thirty-one, in 1951, Kunga Wangchuk returned to Dosib Monastery and became the main khenpo there, teaching about twenty students. In 1956, he started a shedra at Vara Monastery in Derge with twenty students. He taught there until 1959, when the Chinese invasion of Tibet made it impossible to teach any longer. He was imprisoned by the Chinese from 1962 until 1980. After his release, he stayed with relatives in Derge for one year.
During this time, he received three letters from Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche inviting him to India. After a long seven-month journey, Khenchen Kunga Wangchuk finally arrived in Sikkim at the age of 62. Following an extensive pilgrimage in Nepal and India, he started the new Dzongsar Shedra in 1983 in West Sikkim, at the holy site of Dechen Ling. In the beginning, the shedra only had seven students, one of whom was Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche himself.
In 1985 the Dzongsar Shedra moved from Sikkim to Bir in North India. Over 70 monks joined the new shedra, and by 2003 the number of students had grown to 450.
Khenchen Kunga Wangchuk himself taught until he reached the age of 73. He always taught the thirteen great texts based on Khenpo Shenga’s commentaries, and he himself composed further commentaries to several of Khenpo Shenga's texts. In 1997, during a visit to Taiwan, he composed a commentary on the ninth chapter of the Bodhicharyavatara.
Through his great efforts, Dzongsar Institute renewed its reputation as one of the foremost centres of Buddhist learning. In 2004, it was relocated to Chauntra and renamed the Dzongsar Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö Institute. His Holiness the Dalai Lama presided over the three-day inauguration.
- This biography is adapted from 'Life Story of Dzongsar Khenpo Kunga Wangchuk' by Andreas Kretschmar, www.kunpal.org
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