Yamantaka 文殊閻摩敵

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Yamantaka (Skt. Yamāntaka; Tib. གཤིན་རྗེ་གཤེད་, Wyl. gshin rje gshed) — literally 'The Destroyer of Yama, the Lord of Death', is a wrathful form of Manjushri.



In the Sarma tradition, the Yamantaka Tantras are classified as the second category of Father Tantra, known as the Anger class. There are sometimes said to be three forms of Yamantaka: Red Yamari, Black Yamari and Vajrabhairava.

In the Kagyé

Yamantaka as part of the Kagyé mandala from the thangka of Tendrel Nyesel

Yamantaka also appears as one of the eight deities of Kagyé (see image) , where he is also known as Manjushri Body ('jam dpal sku). The instructions related to this form of Yamantaka are based on the so-called "four chakras": secret or abiding chakra, chakra of existence, cutting chakra, and chakra of manifestation.[1]

In the Longchen Nyingtik, the Yamantaka practice related to Palchen Düpa is called "Overpowering Yama, Lord of Death" ('jam dpal gshin rje 'chi bdag zil gnon).


Yamantaka is also one of the four male gate keepers.


  1. See Kongtrul (2005), pp. 321-322

Further Reading

  • Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Tayé, The Treasury of Knowledge: Systems of Buddhist Tantra, Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2005

Empowerments Given to the Rigpa Sangha

  • Trulshik Rinpoche, Lerab Ling, June 25th, 2003. 'jam dpal tshe bdag yang zlog me'i spu gri'i sgrub thabs rnon po nad gcod kyi dbang dbang bka' from Döjo Bumzang. "Razor of Fire", dark blue Yamantaka with three faces and six arms. This was practised by Nubchen Sangye Yeshe, who received it from Guru Rinpoche. Up to that point it was kama, but then it was hidden as a terma.

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