Kalu Rinpoche 卡盧仁波切

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Kalu Rinpoche in 1983 at Rigpa's Paris centre

Kalu Rinpoche (Wyl. kar lu rin po che) or Karma Rangjung Kunkhyab (Wyl. ka.rma rang byung kun khyab) (1905-1989) was a prominent teacher of the Karma Kagyü and Shangpa Kagyü traditions, who taught extensively around the world, and established many Dharma centres in Europe and North America. He also initiated a project to translate Jamgön Kongtrul's Treasury of Knowledge into English. He was also Sogyal Rinpoche's uncle. In fact, Sogyal Rinpoche was delivered by Kalu Rinpoche's own brother, who was called Ratak Sogyal.

卡盧仁波切,或稱噶瑪讓瓊袞洽(1905-1989)是一位卓越的噶瑪噶舉及香巴噶舉上師,他的教導遍及全世界,並在歐洲及北美創立許多禪修中心。將蔣貢康楚仁波切《知識寶藏》譯成英文的計畫,亦是由他發起。他也是索甲仁波切的叔叔。事實上,索甲仁波切是由卡盧仁波切的兄長所接生的,被稱為拉達索甲。

Biography 生平

Kalu Rinpoche was born in Trehor in Kham in 1905. His father, Karma Lekshé Drayang, the Thirteenth Ratak Palzang Tulku, was a respected doctor. He began his studies at the age of thirteen at Palpung Monastery, where Palpung Situ Rinpoche ordained him and gave him the name Karma Rangjung Kunkhyab. After two years of studying the sutras and tantras, and receiving instruction and empowerments from many of the great lamas at Palpung and other monasteries in Kham, he gave a teaching on the three sets of vows before an assembly of a hundred monks and lay people. Among his teachers was Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö, to whom he also gave several empowerments and transmissions.

卡盧仁波切在西元1905年生於康區的徹霍(Trehor)。他的父親噶瑪雷謝札揚是第十三世拉達巴桑祖古,是位受人景仰的醫生。卡盧仁波切於十三歲時開始進入八蚌寺學習,在那裡由八蚌司徒仁波切授戒並賜予法名噶瑪讓瓊袞洽。他研讀經部和續部兩年之後,在八蚌寺及其他康區的寺院中領受眾多偉大上師們口傳及灌頂,並向聚集成百的僧眾及俗眾們給予三乘戒律的教導。蔣揚欽哲確吉羅卓是他的上師之一,他亦給予上師許多的灌頂及口傳。

He began a traditional three-year retreat at the age of thirteen under the direction of his root lama, Lama Norbu Döndrup, from whom he received all the transmissions of the Karma Kagyü and Shangpa Kagyü traditions. From the age of twenty-five, he practised for twelve years in solitary retreat in the mountains of Kham, wandering about without possessions, until he was requested by Situ Rinpoche to return and teach. He then became the director of three-year retreats at Palpung. It was around this time that he was recognized by the sixteenth Karmapa as the activity emanation of Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Tayé.

十三歲時,他在根本上師喇嘛諾布敦珠的指導下,開始進行傳統的三年閉關,這位上師曾傳予他的噶瑪噶舉及香巴噶舉的所有法教。二十五歲時,他在康地的山區進行十二年的獨自閉關,過著身無一物的遊方生活,直到司徒仁波切懇請他返回並擔任教職。於是他成為八蚌寺的三年閉關指導教師。就在這期間,第十六世噶瑪巴認證他為蔣貢康楚羅卓泰耶的事業化身。

Having left Tibet in the 1950s, Kalu Rinpoche first went to Bhutan, where he established two retreat centres and ordained 300 monks. In 1965 he established his own monastery at Sonada in Darjeeling, Samdrub Dhargye Ling, and established a three-year retreat centre there.

他1950年離開西藏,首先到達不丹,在那裡創建兩座閉關中心並為三百名僧眾剃度。1965年,他在大吉嶺的索那達(Sonada)建立自己的寺院桑竹達傑林,並創建一座三年閉關的中心。

In 1983 he gave the Rinchen Terdzö to the four regents[A 1] of the Karmapa, as well as to thousands of lamas, monks, nuns and lay people. He passed away on 10th May 1989 at his monastery in Sonada, India.

在1983年,他將《大寶伏藏》法教傳予噶瑪巴的四位攝政[A 2]以及數千位喇嘛、僧尼和俗眾。他於1989年五月十日在自己位於印度索那達的寺院圓寂。

His reincarnation, Yangsi Kalu Rinpoche (b. 17 September 1990) was recognized by Tai Situ Rinpoche at Sonada in 1992 and formally enthroned as the holder of the Shangpa Kagyü and Dashang Kagyü lineages on 25 February 1993.

他的轉世揚西卡盧仁波切(生於1990年9月17日) 於1992年由大司徒仁波切於索那達寺院認證,1993年2月25日正式陞座為香巴噶舉及達香噶舉的傳承持有者。

Notes 註釋

A

  1. Shamar Rinpoche, Tai Situ Rinpoche, Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche, and Gyaltsab Rinpoche.
  2. 夏瑪仁波切、大司徒仁波切、蔣貢康楚仁波切和嘉察仁波切

Publications

  • The Dharma: That Illuminates All Beings Like the Light of the Sun and the Moon, State University of New York Press, 1986
  • Gently Whispered: Oral Teachings by the Very Venerable Kalu Rinpoche, Station Hill Press, 1995
  • Luminous Mind : Fundamentals of Spiritual Practice, Wisdom Publications, 1996
  • Foundations of Tibetan Buddhism, Snow Lion Publications, 2004

Further Reading

  • McLeod, Ken, The Chariot for Travelling the Path to Freedom: The Life Story of Kalu Rinpoche, San Francisco 1985
  • Dezhung Rinpoche, The Life of Kalu Rinpoche, in A Saint in Seattle (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2003), Appendix I.
  • Sogyal Rinpoche, The Tibetan Book of Living and Dying, revised and updated edition, Harper San Francisco, 2002, page 271.
  • Khyentse Özer, (includes a teaching by Kalu Rinpoche on The Union of Mahamudra and Dzogchen), Rigpa, London, 1990.

Internal Links

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External Links


Rigpa Wiki

Kalu Rinpoche

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