Five practices of enlightenment without meditation 無修成佛五法
The five practices of enlightenment without meditation (Wyl. ma sgom sangs rgyas chos lnga) are sometimes given as:
- liberation through seeing (chakras) (Tib. tongdrol; Wyl. mthong grol); 見咒輪得解脫
- liberation on hearing (mantras and dharanis) (Tib. tödrol, Wyl. thos grol); 聞咒音（咒語和陀羅尼）得解脫
- liberation by tasting (amrita) (Tib. nyongdrol, Wyl. myong grol); 嚐甘露得解脫
- liberation by touch (mudra) (Tib. takdrol, Wyl. btags grol); and 觸手印得解脫
- liberation by recollection or thinking (which includes the practice of phowa) (Tib. drendrol) 念（憶及或思及）得解脫，頗瓦法也屬之
- liberation by touching (Tib. regdrol, Wyl. reg grol) is sometimes added to the list, making six methods that lead to liberation.
- or 'wearing'
- Also called liberation through meditation (Tib. gomdrol, Wyl. bsgom grol)
- Source: Songtsen: Kyabje Kangyur Rinpoche’s Tagdröl yantra. Link here
- Gayley, Holly. "Soteriology of the Senses in Tibetan Buddhism" in Numen 54 (2007) 459–499