Five female buddhas 五方佛母

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The five female buddhas of the five families, also known as the five mothers (Wyl. yum lnga) are:

  1. Dhatvishvari 金剛界自在母 (Skt.; Tib. དབྱིངས་ཕྱུག་མ་, Ying Chukma) also known as Vajra Datvishvari or White Tara, the consort of Vairochana, who represents the purity of the element space
    (大日如來佛母),或說白度母,空大的淨相
  2. Buddhalochana 佛眼佛母 (Skt.; Tib. སངས་རྒྱས་སྤྱན་, Sangyé chenma) the consort of Akshobhya, who represents the purity of the element earth
    (阿閦佛佛母),地大的淨相
  3. Mamaki 瑪瑪姬佛母 (Skt.; Tib. མ་མ་ཀི་, Mamaki) the consort of Ratnasambhava, who represents the purity of the element water
    (寶生佛佛母),水大的淨相
  4. Pandaravasini 白衣佛母 (Skt.; Tib. གོས་དཀར་མོ་, Gökarmo) the consort of Amitabha, who represents the purity of the element fire
    (阿彌陀佛佛母),火大的淨相
  5. Samayatara 三昧耶度母(具誓度母) (Skt.; Tib. དམ་ཚིག་སྒྲོལ་མ་, Damtsik Drolma) also known as Green Tara, the consort of Amoghasiddhi, who represents the purity of the element wind
    (不空成就佛佛母),或說綠度母,風大的淨相