Five ever-present mental states 五遍行/五種普遍存在的心理狀態

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The five ever-present mental states (Skt. sarvatraga; Tib. ཀུན་འགྲོ་ལྔ་, Wyl. kun ‘gro lnga) are a set of five mental states among the fifty-one mental states, so-called because they always accompany the main mind. Without them, the main mind could not perceive any objects. They are:

於五十一心所中的五類心所,由於恆時相隨心王而稱之。若無此[五種遍行],心王便無法感知任何對境。

  1. Sensation 受 (Skt. vedanā; Tib. ཚོར་བ་, Wyl. tshor ba)
  2. Perception 想 (Skt. saṃjña; Tib. འདུ་ཤེས་, Wyl. ‘du shes)
  3. Intention 思 (Skt. cetanā; Tib. སེམས་པ་, Wyl. sems pa)
  4. Contact 觸 (Skt. sparśa; Tib. རེག་པ་ or རེག་བྱ་, Wyl. reg pa, reg bya)
  5. Attention 作意 (Skt. manaskāra; Tib. ཡིད་བྱེད་, Wyl. yid byed)

佛光大辭典:指周遍於一切心王、心所而相應之五種心所,即觸(梵 sparśa)、作意(梵 manasi-kāra)、受(梵 vedanā)、想(梵 sajjñā)、思(梵 cetanā)等五者。

Alternative Translations

  • ever-functioning subsidiary awarenesses (Alexander Berzin)
  1. feeling; feeling a level of happiness (Berzin)
  2. discernment or recognition (Berzin)
  3. an urge (Berzin)
  4. contacting awareness (Berzin)
  5. mental engagement; paying attention or taking to mind (Berzin)

參考:http://blog.xuite.net/yeshi_tsogyal/twblog/328655469