Five certainties 五決定/五圓滿

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The five certainties (Skt. pañcaniyata; Wyl. nges pa lnga) or perfections (Wyl. phun sum tshogs pa lnga) are:

  1. the certain or perfect teacher,
  2. the certain or perfect teaching,
  3. the certain or perfect place,
  4. the certain or perfect disciples and
  5. the certain or perfect time.

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