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Nāropa or Nadapada or Abhayakirti (Tib. ནཱ་རོ་པ་) (956-1040)[1] was an important master in the Kagyü tradition. A disciple of the mahasiddha Tilopa and a teacher of Marpa the translator. He is also counted among the eighty-four mahasiddhas.


  1. Peter Roberts gives Naropa's dates as 956-1040, and explains that the common dating of 1016-1100 is based on a literal reading of Tsangnyön Heruka's account of the life of Marpa, including visionary accounts without historical basis. See Mahamudra and Related Instructions, p. 14.

Further Reading

  • Abhayadatta, Buddha's Lions: Lives of the Eighty-four Siddhas, Emeryville, Dharma Publishing, 1979
  • Chögyam Trungpa, Illusion's Game: The Life and Teaching of Naropa. Boston and London: Shambhala, 1994
  • Herbert V. Guenther, The Life and Teaching of Naropa, Boston: Shambala, 1999
  • Peter Alan Roberts, Mahāmudrā and Related Instructions: Core Teachings of the Kagyü Schools, Boston: Wisdom, 2011

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