Four types of guest 四賓客(上供下施等修持的對象)

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Four types of guest (Tib. མགྲོན་པོ་བཞི་, Wyl. mgron po bzhi or mgron tshan bzhi) —

  1. guests invited out of respect–the Three Jewels (Tib. དཀོན་མཆོག་སྲི་ཞུའི་མགྲོན་, dkon mchog sri zhu'i mgron)
  2. guests invited on account of their qualities–the protectors (Tib. མགོན་པོ་ཡོན་ཏན་གྱི་མགྲོན་, mgon po yon tan gyi mgron)
  3. guests of the six classes invited out of compassion (Tib. འགྲོ་དྲུག་སྙིང་རྗེའི་མགྲོན་, 'gro drug snying rje'i mgron)
  4. guests to whom we owe karmic debts (Tib. གདོན་གེགས་ལན་ཆགས་ཀྱི་མགྲོན་, gdon gegs lan chags kyi mgron)

Dodrupchen Jikmé Tenpé Nyima[1] says:

  • "The protectors, who are the guests invited on account of their qualities, are the eight mahadevas, the eight great nagas, the eight great rahus, the Four Great Kings, the nine great terrifying ones, the ten guardians of the directions, the twenty-eight constellations, and the seventy-five glorious protectors of pure abodes, together with their retinues, their attendants, attendants’ attendants, and families, and all positive forces, local deities and guardians.
  • "Obstructing forces, who are the guests to whom we owe karmic debts, include all karmic creditors, such as the 80,000 types of obstructing forces, headed by Vinayaka, king of obstacle makers, as well as the fifteen great döns who strike children, and Hariti with her five hundred children."


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