Khenpo Jikme Phuntsok 堪布晉美彭措
堪布晉美彭措炯涅（Khenpo Jikme Phuntsok Jungné；1933-2004）是伏藏師索甲雷瑞林巴（Tertön Sogyal Lerab Lingpa）的化身、米滂仁波切（Mipham Rinpoche）的化現。他在西藏、不丹、中國、尼泊爾以及印度，都取出一些伏藏。文化大革命（Cultural Revolution）之後，以在西藏復興佛教來說，他扮演著極為重要的角色。晚年常駐在東藏色達（Sertar）的喇榮五明佛學院（Larung Gar），有超過一萬名學生常隨左右。
Khenpo Jigme Phuntsok was born in 1933, the third day of the first month of the year of the Water Bird, in the Golok Sertar region of Kham. He is said to have come out of his mother’s womb in meditation posture, reciting the mantra of Manjushri, “Om a ra pa tsa na dhi” as soon as he was born. (He would later go on to recite this mantra more than 13 billion times in the course of his life.)
At the age of five, Khenpo was recognized as the reincarnation of Tertön Sogyal, and became a monk at Nubzur Gonpa, a branch of Palyul monastery in Sertar. At nine he took ordination from Khenpo Sonam Rinchen of Drakdzong and received the name Thupten Lekshé Zangpo.
Once, when he was fifteen, he was overcome by intense devotion for the Dzogchen teachings and especially for Jamgön Mipham Rinpoche, who appeared to him in a vision, and granted his blessings so that Khen Rinpoche experienced the nature of mind.
From the age of eighteen, he studied with the great Khenpo Thubga Rinpoche at Changma Hermitage in Dzachukha, receiving teachings on Mahayoga, Anuyoga and Atiyoga. At twenty-two he received full monastic ordination and at twenty-four he was enthroned as the abbot of Nubzur Monastery, which is a branch of Palyul Monastery. During the time of the Chinese invasion and occupation of Tibet, starting in 1950, Khenpo withdrew increasingly from normal monastic life until in 1959 he took to the remote mountains, herding a small flock of goats and sheep. There, for the next twenty years, he secretly engaged in meditation and occasionally taught small numbers of disciples, often basing his instructions on the Seven Treasures of Longchenpa. Throughout this time, he was able, through legendary exploits and means, to elude the Chinese authorities.
Then, in 1980, he founded Larung Gar in accordance with the prophecy of the First Dodrupchen Rinpoche. It went on to become the largest Buddhist teaching centre in the world. In 1987, Khenpo led hundreds of his disciples from the Institute on a pilgrimage to the sacred mountains of Wu Tai Shan in China's Shaanxi Province. En route in Beijing, he met the Tenth Panchen Lama, Chökyi Gyaltsen, and gave teachings on the Thirty-Seven Practices of the Bodhisattvas to a crowd of over 5,000 people, including Tibetans, Chinese, Mongolians, and other Buddhist practitioners. At Wu Tai Shan, the audience for his teachings swelled to 10,000 on occasions. He also undertook retreats at sacred locations and caves. There are accounts of many extraordinary occurrences during this pilgrimage.
Khenpo made extensive travels across Tibet and China, teaching and revealing terma. In 1990, at the invitation of Kyabjé Penor Rinpoche, he visited India, where he taught at various monasteries, including the Nyingma Institute in Mysore. At Dharamsala, the Dalai Lama resumed the connections he and Khenpo had in their previous lives by receiving teachings from Khenpo for two weeks. In the summer of 1993, he visited various Dharma centres in Inida, Bhutan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan, USA, Canada, and France, including Lerab Ling, where he gave empowerments and teachings including the empowerments of Tertön Sogyal’s termas, Tendrel Nyesel and Vajrakilaya, as well as his own terma treasures of Manjushri and Vajrakilaya, and Dzogchen teachings.
Finally, at the age of 71, on the fifteenth day of the eleventh Tibetan month, of the Water Sheep year (7th January 2004), he passed into parinirvana while seated in the posture of meditation.
- This is according to Khenpo Namdrol. Nyoshul Khenpo says Khenpo Sonam Chödrup
- Jigme Phuntsok, Always Present—The Luminous Wisdom of Jigme Phuntsok, edited by Khenpo Sodargye (Snow Lion, 2015)
- Holly Gayley, "The ethics of cultural survival: A Buddhist vision of progress in Mkhan po 'Jigs phun’s Heart Advice to Tibetans for the 21st Century" in Mapping the Modern in Tibet: PIATS 2006: Tibetan Studies; Proceedings of the eleventh seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Königswinter 2006
- Karma Phuntso, H.H. Khenpo Jigme Phuntsho: A Tribute and a Translation, Journal of Bhutan Studies, 2004, Volume 11 Winter '04 Issue 11, pp. 129-136
- Lopön Sonam Tsewang et al, 5th Anniversary of Chöje Jigme Phuntsok Jungne: Prayer Ceremony for World Peace, Bodh Gaya, India, 2nd - 6th January 2008
- Nyoshul Khenpo, A Marvelous Garland of Rare Gems: Biographies of Masters of Awareness in the Dzogchen Lineage, Padma Publications, 2005, pp.475-476
- snga 'gyur 'od gsal, Ngagyur Nyingma Institute, 1982, pp. 88-119
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