Hayagriva 馬頭明王

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Hayagriva from the thangka of Tendrel Nyesel

Hayagriva (Skt. Hayagrīva; Tib. རྟ་མགྲིན་, Tamdrin; Wyl. rta mgrin) — the wrathful manifestation of Avalokiteshvara who symbolizes enlightened speech, usually depicted as red in colour and with a horse's head protruding from his crown.


In the Kagyé

Hayagriva is one of the eight principal deities of Kagyé where he is referred to as Lotus-like Speech (Wyl. pad ma gsung). The instructions related to this form of Hayagriva are based on the so-called "three neighs of the horse"[1]

In the Longchen Nyingtik, the Hayagriva practice related to Palchen Düpa is called "The Play of the Three Realms" (rta mgrin khams gsum rol pa).


  1. See Kongtrul (2005), p. 322

Further Reading

  • Jamgön Kongtrul Lodrö Tayé, The Treasury of Knowledge: Systems of Buddhist Tantra, Ithaca: Snow Lion, 2005

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