"Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche 貢坡赤登仁波切" 修訂間的差異

出自 Decode_Wiki
前往: 導覽搜尋
(已匯入 1 筆修訂)
 
(未顯示同一使用者於中間所作的 2 次修訂)
行 1: 行 1:
 
[[Image:Lama Gonpo Hat.jpg|thumb|400px|Lama Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche, photo taken circa 1979-1980 in the U.S.A.]]'''Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche''' ([[Wyl.]] mgon po tshe brtan) (1906–1991) of Labrang, Amdo — a contemporary [[Dzogchen]] master, author, painter, sculptor, and teacher of the [[Nyingma]] school of [[Tibetan Buddhism]].<ref>An extraordinary [[siddha]], he is referred to as Lama Ngakchang ([[རིག་སྔགས་འཆང་]]) Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche in Dudjom Rinpoche's biography ''Light of Fearless Indestructible Wisdom'', Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca, NY, 2008, page 143, by [[Khenpo Tsewang Dongyal]].</ref>  
 
[[Image:Lama Gonpo Hat.jpg|thumb|400px|Lama Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche, photo taken circa 1979-1980 in the U.S.A.]]'''Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche''' ([[Wyl.]] mgon po tshe brtan) (1906–1991) of Labrang, Amdo — a contemporary [[Dzogchen]] master, author, painter, sculptor, and teacher of the [[Nyingma]] school of [[Tibetan Buddhism]].<ref>An extraordinary [[siddha]], he is referred to as Lama Ngakchang ([[རིག་སྔགས་འཆང་]]) Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche in Dudjom Rinpoche's biography ''Light of Fearless Indestructible Wisdom'', Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca, NY, 2008, page 143, by [[Khenpo Tsewang Dongyal]].</ref>  
 +
 +
安多地區拉壤的貢坡赤登仁波切是當代的大圓滿大師、作者、畫家、雕塑家與藏傳佛教寧瑪派的教師。
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
 
===Early Life and Training in Tibet===
 
===Early Life and Training in Tibet===
 
Gönpo Tseten was born in 1906 in [[Amdo]], an eastern province of Tibet, into a family heritage of [[ngakpa]]s. At the age of seven he was sent to Sangchen Mingye Ling, a Nyingmapa monastery. At the age of 15, having shown great promise as a future teacher, he studied with Kargi Tertön and accomplished the [[preliminary practices]] of Tibetan Buddhism.
 
Gönpo Tseten was born in 1906 in [[Amdo]], an eastern province of Tibet, into a family heritage of [[ngakpa]]s. At the age of seven he was sent to Sangchen Mingye Ling, a Nyingmapa monastery. At the age of 15, having shown great promise as a future teacher, he studied with Kargi Tertön and accomplished the [[preliminary practices]] of Tibetan Buddhism.
 +
 +
貢坡赤登於1906年生於西藏東部的安多省,家族世代皆有人為瑜伽士。七歲時他被送往寧瑪派寺院桑謙明傑林,十五歲時,便已展露未來將成為一位傑出上師的能耐,他跟隨伏藏師卡給學習並完成了藏傳佛教的前行修持。
  
 
At Sangchen Mingye Ling, Gönpo Tseten continued his [[Dharma]] studies and the traditional Tibetan arts and sciences. It was at this time that he began to display great skill in drawing, painting, and sculpture. In 1925, at the age of 18, he completed two images of Thousand-Armed [[Avalokiteshvara]], each standing over six feet high.
 
At Sangchen Mingye Ling, Gönpo Tseten continued his [[Dharma]] studies and the traditional Tibetan arts and sciences. It was at this time that he began to display great skill in drawing, painting, and sculpture. In 1925, at the age of 18, he completed two images of Thousand-Armed [[Avalokiteshvara]], each standing over six feet high.
 +
 +
在桑謙明傑林,貢坡赤登繼續學習法教與傳統藏族的藝術與科學,就在那時,他開始表現出他在繪畫與雕塑方面的傑出技巧。1925年於18歲時,他完成了兩幅千手千眼觀音菩薩的畫像,每幅都有六英尺高。
  
 
About the age of twenty he married and had a son, Pema Rigdzin.<ref>However, after two years he and his wife separated. He later married again, this time to Drolma Chi with whom he happily spent the remainder of his time in Tibet before 1959. Three years before the Chinese army arrived, he moved to [[Lhasa]] with his wife and son. Unfortunately, in the terrible conditions during the Chinese invasion of Tibet, Gönpo Tseten became separated from his wife and son, who did not escape.</ref> He then undertook a journey of twenty days in order to study for a year with the [[Tertön]] Choling Tuching Dorje, a disciple of [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]].  
 
About the age of twenty he married and had a son, Pema Rigdzin.<ref>However, after two years he and his wife separated. He later married again, this time to Drolma Chi with whom he happily spent the remainder of his time in Tibet before 1959. Three years before the Chinese army arrived, he moved to [[Lhasa]] with his wife and son. Unfortunately, in the terrible conditions during the Chinese invasion of Tibet, Gönpo Tseten became separated from his wife and son, who did not escape.</ref> He then undertook a journey of twenty days in order to study for a year with the [[Tertön]] Choling Tuching Dorje, a disciple of [[Dodrupchen Rinpoche]].  
 +
 +
二十歲時他娶妻,並育有一子名為貝瑪仁真。其後他旅行了二十天,以便能跟隨多智欽仁波切的弟子伏藏師秋林圖欽多傑,並向他學習了一年。
  
 
After this, he studied with the great Dzogchen master [[Khenchen Thubten Chöpel]], who was also a guru of [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]], [[Khenpo Jikmé Phuntsok]], and the [[Sixth Dzogchen Rinpoche]]. During that time he received the complete transmission of the [[Rinchen Terdzö]]—he later received it twice more from [[Dilgo Khyentse]] around 1950 and 1978. Later, the ngakpa Gönpo Tsering taught him ''Tu'', the art of overcoming enemies. This was essential since his gompa in Amdo needed protection from surrounding afflictions, including ruthless bandits and wild animals. After this, he studied [[sutra]] and [[tantra]], including the [[Yönten Dzö]], at [[Sukchen Tago Gompa]] in [[Golok]], which was established by the [[First Dodrupchen]] Rinpoche in 1799.
 
After this, he studied with the great Dzogchen master [[Khenchen Thubten Chöpel]], who was also a guru of [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]], [[Khenpo Jikmé Phuntsok]], and the [[Sixth Dzogchen Rinpoche]]. During that time he received the complete transmission of the [[Rinchen Terdzö]]—he later received it twice more from [[Dilgo Khyentse]] around 1950 and 1978. Later, the ngakpa Gönpo Tsering taught him ''Tu'', the art of overcoming enemies. This was essential since his gompa in Amdo needed protection from surrounding afflictions, including ruthless bandits and wild animals. After this, he studied [[sutra]] and [[tantra]], including the [[Yönten Dzö]], at [[Sukchen Tago Gompa]] in [[Golok]], which was established by the [[First Dodrupchen]] Rinpoche in 1799.
  
His student Ngawang Khedup, who studied with Lama Gönpo in Clement Town, Dhera Dun, India, and accompanied him when he came to America, reported that among the other places Gönpo Tseten studied in his youth was one of the most famous of Tibet’s tantric colleges (Rekong Ngakmang, 'the place of many tantrikas') in Amdo, where the most secret yogic practices were taught in depth and practised to completion. At the end of the [[tummo]] course, as a test of their accomplishment, students would go on a cold winter's night into deep pits dug in the ground behind the buildings. They would go down to the bottom of one of the shafts and see how many wet blankets could be dried out in a single night by inner heat. The exuberant students would also see how far that they could ascend into the air above the hole, to discover which among them could rise up the highest. "I was told," Ngawang wrote, "that people standing at a distance away could see Lama Gönpo rising above, not just the other yogis, but also the row of buildings that were in front!" Having himself brought tantric [[siddhi]]s to fruition, Lama Gönpo understood and strongly emphasized to his students that such outward signs must be the fruit of inner realization rather than goals in themselves.
+
爾後,他跟隨偉大的大圓滿上師(大堪布)堪欽土登秋佩(托嘎如意寶)學習,堪欽土登秋佩也是頂果欽哲仁波切、晉美彭措堪布與第六世佐欽仁波切的上師。在那段時間,他領受了《大寶伏藏》的完整口傳,之後約於1950年和1978年又從頂果欽哲仁波切處接受了兩次。在此之後,瑜伽士貢帕赤林授予他征服敵人的技術—「突」。這十分重要,因為他在安多的修院需要保護以免於周圍的侵擾(如殘酷的匪徒與野獸)。這之後,他在果洛由第一世多智欽仁波切創建的蘇謙達果修院學習了經續與密續,其中包括《功德藏》。
  
===Meeting with his Root Guru and Retreat===
+
His student Ngawang Khedup, who studied with Lama Gönpo in Clement Town, Dhera Dun, India, and accompanied him when he came to America, reported that among the other places Gönpo Tseten studied in his youth was one of the most famous of Tibet’s tantric colleges (Rekong Ngakmang, 'the place of many tantrikas') in Amdo, where the most secret yogic practices were taught in depth and practised to completion. At the end of the [[tummo]] course, as a test of their accomplishment, students would go on a cold winter's night into deep pits dug in the ground behind the buildings. They would go down to the bottom of one of the shafts and see how many wet blankets could be dried out in a single night by inner heat.
 +
 
 +
他的一位學生拿旺科杜(Ngawang Khedup),曾在印度德拉墩克萊門特鎮向喇嘛貢坡學習,並且跟隨他到美國,表示喇嘛貢坡在年輕時曾在別的地方學習過,包括最著名的藏密學院之一,於安多的熱貢納芒(Rekong Ngakmang,諸多密咒師之地),該處對於最秘密的瑜伽修持不僅深度教導且完整修持。於拙火課程之末,學生都要在一個寒冬夜裡進入在建築物後方掘出的深坑內,作為完成修行的測試。他們會步入深坑的底部,看看依靠體內的熱能(拙火)能夠在一個晚上蒸乾多少濕棉被。
 +
 
 +
The exuberant students would also see how far that they could ascend into the air above the hole, to discover which among them could rise up the highest. "I was told," Ngawang wrote, "that people standing at a distance away could see Lama Gönpo rising above, not just the other yogis, but also the row of buildings that were in front!" Having himself brought tantric [[siddhi]]s to fruition, Lama Gönpo understood and strongly emphasized to his students that such outward signs must be the fruit of inner realization rather than goals in themselves.
 +
 
 +
精力充沛的學生們還會看他們能從坑底升起多高,看誰能升得最高。「我被告知,」拿旺寫道,「在遠處站立的人們看到喇嘛貢坡不僅升得超過其他瑜伽士,還超過了前面那排建築物。」雖然喇嘛貢坡證得了續部的成就,但他了解並大力向學生們強調,這些外在的徵象必須是內在了證的成果,而非目標本身。
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Meeting with his Root Guru and Retreat 遇見根本上師與閉關===
 
In 1932 he met his [[root guru]], the [[Longchen Nyingtik]] lineage holder [[Tsö Patrul Rinpoche|Patrul Rinpoche Kunzang Shenpen Özer of Tsö]], the [[tulku]] of [[Patrul Rinpoche]] Chökyi Wangpo. Tsö Patrul Kunzang Shenpen was himself a heart-son of [[Adzom Drukpa]] Drodul Pawo Dorje, the lineage-holder of both [[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]] and the first [[Patrul Rinpoche]]. According to the late [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]], in his autobiography ''Brilliant Moon'', Patrul Rinpoche of Tsö was an emanation of Avalokiteshvara and a very unusual person who would feed hundreds of beggars at his monastery upon condition that they enter the gate of the [[Dharma]] and undertake [[ngöndro]] preliminary practices.
 
In 1932 he met his [[root guru]], the [[Longchen Nyingtik]] lineage holder [[Tsö Patrul Rinpoche|Patrul Rinpoche Kunzang Shenpen Özer of Tsö]], the [[tulku]] of [[Patrul Rinpoche]] Chökyi Wangpo. Tsö Patrul Kunzang Shenpen was himself a heart-son of [[Adzom Drukpa]] Drodul Pawo Dorje, the lineage-holder of both [[Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo]] and the first [[Patrul Rinpoche]]. According to the late [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]], in his autobiography ''Brilliant Moon'', Patrul Rinpoche of Tsö was an emanation of Avalokiteshvara and a very unusual person who would feed hundreds of beggars at his monastery upon condition that they enter the gate of the [[Dharma]] and undertake [[ngöndro]] preliminary practices.
 +
 +
1932年,他遇到了他的根本上師,龍欽心髓的傳承持有者巴楚袞桑賢遍沃瑟,也就是華智仁波切(巴楚確吉旺波仁波切)的轉世,這位上師也是蔣揚欽哲旺波與第一世華智仁波切的傳承持有者第一世阿宗珠巴(卓度帕沃多傑)的心子。根據頂果欽哲仁波切的自傳《明月》,措地的華智(巴楚)仁波切是觀音菩薩的化身,非常不凡的人,他曾以(要發願)入佛門與修前行為條件而施食給在他寺廟的數以百計的乞丐。
  
 
Under his guru's guidance he did [[Richö]], a solitary mountain retreat, for four years including ngöndro, [[tsa-lung]] and [[Dzogchen]], progressing through the stages of the path to the realization of the supreme state. At the end of his retreat, Patrul Rinpoche of Tsö asked him to teach others and, in 1936, he was given the role of Dorje Lopön, or [[Vajra master]], which has the authority to transmit the [[Vajrayana]] and its practices, and lead those practices in the [[Sangha]]. As well, he was given the knowledge-holder name Rigdzin ([[Vidyadhara]]) Trinlé Özer.
 
Under his guru's guidance he did [[Richö]], a solitary mountain retreat, for four years including ngöndro, [[tsa-lung]] and [[Dzogchen]], progressing through the stages of the path to the realization of the supreme state. At the end of his retreat, Patrul Rinpoche of Tsö asked him to teach others and, in 1936, he was given the role of Dorje Lopön, or [[Vajra master]], which has the authority to transmit the [[Vajrayana]] and its practices, and lead those practices in the [[Sangha]]. As well, he was given the knowledge-holder name Rigdzin ([[Vidyadhara]]) Trinlé Özer.
行 20: 行 39:
 
For two years he taught tsa-lung and Dzogchen at Patrul Rinpoche's monastery in Tsö. He then did further retreat for one year to deepen his realization before going to [[Dzogchen Monastery]] in 1939 and 1940.
 
For two years he taught tsa-lung and Dzogchen at Patrul Rinpoche's monastery in Tsö. He then did further retreat for one year to deepen his realization before going to [[Dzogchen Monastery]] in 1939 and 1940.
  
===Returning to Sangchen Mingye Ling===
+
在上師的指引下,他以四年的時間進行山法閉關(Richo,一種獨處的山上閉關)和前行、氣脈與大圓滿修持,逐步於道次第上進展而至無上的了證。在閉關的結尾階段,措地的巴楚仁波切要求他要教導其他人。1936年,他被授予金剛上師的資格,有權傳授金剛乘與其修行並引導僧團的密乘修行,同時他也被授予持明者的名號:持明欽列沃瑟。有兩年時間,他在巴楚仁波切於措地的寺院裡教授氣脈與大圓滿。之後他進一步閉關一年以加深他的了證,然後在1939年與1940年去了佐欽寺。
 +
 
 +
===Returning to Sangchen Mingye Ling 回到桑謙明傑寺===
 
Lama Gönpo then returned to his own gompa, Sangchen Mingye Ling, bringing with him with him the [[Kangyur]], Rigdzin [[Jikmé Lingpa]]'s ''Sung Bum'', ''[[Yönten Dzö]]'', and other major texts totaling 1,552 pages.
 
Lama Gönpo then returned to his own gompa, Sangchen Mingye Ling, bringing with him with him the [[Kangyur]], Rigdzin [[Jikmé Lingpa]]'s ''Sung Bum'', ''[[Yönten Dzö]]'', and other major texts totaling 1,552 pages.
 +
 +
喇嘛貢坡之後回到他自己的修院桑謙明傑寺,所帶回的文典包括《甘珠爾》、持明吉美林巴的《作品總集》、《功德藏》和其他主要的經典,總共有1552頁。
  
 
At Sangchen Mingye Ling he was awarded the title [[Khenpo]] by the 5th Jamyang Shepa of Tashi Kyil, Lozang Jamyang Yeshe Tanpa (1916-47), the principal Gelukpa monastery at Labrang, which had a long-standing close relationship with the Ngagpa community at Rekong. Jamyang Shepa also enthroned him as Abbot of the Nyingmapa College of Tashi Kyil. He  also did another several years of retreat. Converting his monastery to one which concentrated on the [[Longchen Nyingtik]] teachings of Rigdzin [[Jikmé Lingpa]], he would teach the [[The Words of My Perfect Teacher|Kunzang Lamé Shyalung]] of Patrul Chökyi Wangpo. In the winter he taught tsa-lung, and in the summer, [[Yeshe Lama]]. His fame spread far and wide like the rays of the sun.
 
At Sangchen Mingye Ling he was awarded the title [[Khenpo]] by the 5th Jamyang Shepa of Tashi Kyil, Lozang Jamyang Yeshe Tanpa (1916-47), the principal Gelukpa monastery at Labrang, which had a long-standing close relationship with the Ngagpa community at Rekong. Jamyang Shepa also enthroned him as Abbot of the Nyingmapa College of Tashi Kyil. He  also did another several years of retreat. Converting his monastery to one which concentrated on the [[Longchen Nyingtik]] teachings of Rigdzin [[Jikmé Lingpa]], he would teach the [[The Words of My Perfect Teacher|Kunzang Lamé Shyalung]] of Patrul Chökyi Wangpo. In the winter he taught tsa-lung, and in the summer, [[Yeshe Lama]]. His fame spread far and wide like the rays of the sun.
 +
 +
在桑謙明傑寺裡,喇嘛貢坡由紮西克爾寺(拉壤的主要格魯派寺院)的第五世蔣揚歇巴(1916-47)羅桑蔣揚伊喜當巴授予了堪布的頭銜,該寺與熱貢當地的瑜伽士社群有著長久的密切關係。之後蔣揚歇巴並為他在紮西克爾寺以寧瑪學院住持的身份陞座。之後他又進行了幾年的閉關。為了將他的寺院轉為以修行持明吉美林巴《龍欽心髓》為主的寺院,他教導了華智仁波切的《普賢上師言教》。他在冬天教氣脈,夏天則是《智慧上師》(毘瑪心髓之要),他的聲譽如同太陽的光輝一般傳得又廣又遠。
 
   
 
   
[[Image:Dilgo Khyentse and Lama Gonpo 2.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche with Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche at Rekong Gompa, circa 1950. Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche is standing 2nd on the right in the above photo, directly in front of the pillar.]]
+
[[Image:Dilgo Khyentse and Lama Gonpo 2.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche with Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche at Rekong Gompa, circa 1950. Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche is standing 2nd on the right in the above photo, directly in front of the pillar.
 +
 
 +
貢坡赤登仁波切與頂果欽哲仁波切約1950年攝於熱貢寺。貢坡赤登仁波切位於照片中站立者的第二位(照片的右邊,讀者的左方),就在柱子前。
 +
]]
 
Numerous lamas asked him to teach at their gompas. He taught at eight monasteries throughout Amdo, teaching twice a year at each. As well as time spent teaching, Lama Gönpo did extended retreats and received many transmissions from other masters, among which around 1950 was the [[Rinchen Terdzö]], from [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]] at Rekong Gompa, at Shohong Lhaka (regarded as the actual palace of [[Chakrasamvara]]), in Amdo. Dilgo Khyentse had made the journey to Amdo with his family in order to give the [[Rinchen Terdzö]] at the request of his own guru [[Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö]] to a gathering of 1900 ngakpas. Rekong was the birthplace of both Lama Gönpo's root guru [[Tsö Patrul Rinpoche]] and of the supremely accomplished [[Shabkar Tsokdruk Rangdrol]]; the two great masters both trained at the gompa there. The photograph on the right of this page, taken at Rekong Gompa in 1950, shows Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche and Lama Gönpo. The latter has the typical long matted locks of a ngakpa wound around his head. From 1957 to 1959 Lama Gönpo taught at the renowned [[Tsering Jong]] Monastery of Kunkhyen [[Jigme Lingpa]] himself near [[Lhasa]].
 
Numerous lamas asked him to teach at their gompas. He taught at eight monasteries throughout Amdo, teaching twice a year at each. As well as time spent teaching, Lama Gönpo did extended retreats and received many transmissions from other masters, among which around 1950 was the [[Rinchen Terdzö]], from [[Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche]] at Rekong Gompa, at Shohong Lhaka (regarded as the actual palace of [[Chakrasamvara]]), in Amdo. Dilgo Khyentse had made the journey to Amdo with his family in order to give the [[Rinchen Terdzö]] at the request of his own guru [[Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö]] to a gathering of 1900 ngakpas. Rekong was the birthplace of both Lama Gönpo's root guru [[Tsö Patrul Rinpoche]] and of the supremely accomplished [[Shabkar Tsokdruk Rangdrol]]; the two great masters both trained at the gompa there. The photograph on the right of this page, taken at Rekong Gompa in 1950, shows Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche and Lama Gönpo. The latter has the typical long matted locks of a ngakpa wound around his head. From 1957 to 1959 Lama Gönpo taught at the renowned [[Tsering Jong]] Monastery of Kunkhyen [[Jigme Lingpa]] himself near [[Lhasa]].
 +
 +
很多喇嘛請求仁波切在他們的修院裡教學。他在安多的八座寺院教學,各個寺院一年兩次。在教學之餘,貢坡喇嘛也進行長期的閉關,並且從其他大師之處接受了很多灌頂,其中包括在安多的熱貢寺、蘇虹拉卡(被視為勝樂金剛的真實宮殿)從頂果欽哲仁波切處接受了《大寶伏藏》的灌頂。頂果欽哲在他的上師蔣揚欽哲確吉羅卓的要求下,與他的家人一起到安多對1900多位密咒士進行《大寶伏藏》的灌頂,熱貢是喇嘛貢坡根本上師措巴楚仁波切與大成就者夏嘎巴(夏嘎措竹壤卓)的故鄉,兩位大師都是在熱貢的寺院接受訓練。頁面右側的這張照片1950年攝於熱貢寺,可見到頂果欽哲仁波切與喇嘛貢坡,後者尚有密咒士典型的長髮辮結纏繞於頭頂。1957年至1959年,貢坡喇嘛在拉薩附近著名的袞欽吉美林巴之澤仁炯寺教學。
  
 
===Escape from Tibet & Life in India===
 
===Escape from Tibet & Life in India===
行 123: 行 153:
 
==References for Biography==
 
==References for Biography==
 
''Immortal Protector of Beings: A Brief Biography of Lama Gonpo Tseten'', 1992; Lama Gonpo's published Curriculum Vitae, 1979 and 1980; Long Life Prayer of Rigdzin Trinley Ozer (Lama Gonpo Tseten) by Thinley Norbu Rinpoche, 1979; Booklet on the Vajrakilaya Empowerment which includes a biography of Lama Gonpo Tseten, 1980; various remembrances by Tashi Tsering, Phurba Trinley, Rinchen Khandro, Yang Chen, Jangchub Drolma, Ngawang Khedup, and recollections by his long-time translator and heart-disciple Choying Palmo. Other references are taken from ''The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism'', Volume I, 1st Edition, by Jikdral Yeshe Dorje, [[Dudjom Rinpoche]], Wisdom Publications, Boston, Massachusetts; 1991, ''Masters of Meditation and Miracles: The Longchen Nyingtig Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism'', by Tulku Thondup Rinpoche, Shambhala Publications, 1st ed, Boston, 1996; The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China, by Charlene E. Makley, U of California Press, 2007; and from ''The Spirit of Tibet'', a biography of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche by Matthieu Ricard, copyright 2000, Aperture Foundation, New York, NY.
 
''Immortal Protector of Beings: A Brief Biography of Lama Gonpo Tseten'', 1992; Lama Gonpo's published Curriculum Vitae, 1979 and 1980; Long Life Prayer of Rigdzin Trinley Ozer (Lama Gonpo Tseten) by Thinley Norbu Rinpoche, 1979; Booklet on the Vajrakilaya Empowerment which includes a biography of Lama Gonpo Tseten, 1980; various remembrances by Tashi Tsering, Phurba Trinley, Rinchen Khandro, Yang Chen, Jangchub Drolma, Ngawang Khedup, and recollections by his long-time translator and heart-disciple Choying Palmo. Other references are taken from ''The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism'', Volume I, 1st Edition, by Jikdral Yeshe Dorje, [[Dudjom Rinpoche]], Wisdom Publications, Boston, Massachusetts; 1991, ''Masters of Meditation and Miracles: The Longchen Nyingtig Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism'', by Tulku Thondup Rinpoche, Shambhala Publications, 1st ed, Boston, 1996; The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China, by Charlene E. Makley, U of California Press, 2007; and from ''The Spirit of Tibet'', a biography of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche by Matthieu Ricard, copyright 2000, Aperture Foundation, New York, NY.
 +
 +
==Rigpa Wiki==
 +
[http://www.rigpawiki.org/index.php?title=Gönpo_Tseten_Rinpoche Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche]
 +
 +
{{翻譯聲明}}
  
 
[[Category:Contemporary Teachers]]
 
[[Category:Contemporary Teachers]]
[[Category: Nyingma Teachers]]
+
[[Category:Contemporary Teachers 當代108位藏密上師]]
[[Category:Longchen Nyingtik Masters]]
+
[[Category:Longchen Nyingtik Teachers 龍欽心髓上師]]
 +
[[Category:Nyingma Teachers 寧瑪教派上師]]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:中譯]]

於 2020年3月18日 (三) 12:53 的最新修訂

檔案:Lama Gonpo Hat.jpg
Lama Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche, photo taken circa 1979-1980 in the U.S.A.
Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche (Wyl. mgon po tshe brtan) (1906–1991) of Labrang, Amdo — a contemporary Dzogchen master, author, painter, sculptor, and teacher of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism.[1]

安多地區拉壤的貢坡赤登仁波切是當代的大圓滿大師、作者、畫家、雕塑家與藏傳佛教寧瑪派的教師。

Biography

Early Life and Training in Tibet

Gönpo Tseten was born in 1906 in Amdo, an eastern province of Tibet, into a family heritage of ngakpas. At the age of seven he was sent to Sangchen Mingye Ling, a Nyingmapa monastery. At the age of 15, having shown great promise as a future teacher, he studied with Kargi Tertön and accomplished the preliminary practices of Tibetan Buddhism.

貢坡赤登於1906年生於西藏東部的安多省,家族世代皆有人為瑜伽士。七歲時他被送往寧瑪派寺院桑謙明傑林,十五歲時,便已展露未來將成為一位傑出上師的能耐,他跟隨伏藏師卡給學習並完成了藏傳佛教的前行修持。

At Sangchen Mingye Ling, Gönpo Tseten continued his Dharma studies and the traditional Tibetan arts and sciences. It was at this time that he began to display great skill in drawing, painting, and sculpture. In 1925, at the age of 18, he completed two images of Thousand-Armed Avalokiteshvara, each standing over six feet high.

在桑謙明傑林,貢坡赤登繼續學習法教與傳統藏族的藝術與科學,就在那時,他開始表現出他在繪畫與雕塑方面的傑出技巧。1925年於18歲時,他完成了兩幅千手千眼觀音菩薩的畫像,每幅都有六英尺高。

About the age of twenty he married and had a son, Pema Rigdzin.[2] He then undertook a journey of twenty days in order to study for a year with the Tertön Choling Tuching Dorje, a disciple of Dodrupchen Rinpoche.

二十歲時他娶妻,並育有一子名為貝瑪仁真。其後他旅行了二十天,以便能跟隨多智欽仁波切的弟子伏藏師秋林圖欽多傑,並向他學習了一年。

After this, he studied with the great Dzogchen master Khenchen Thubten Chöpel, who was also a guru of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, Khenpo Jikmé Phuntsok, and the Sixth Dzogchen Rinpoche. During that time he received the complete transmission of the Rinchen Terdzö—he later received it twice more from Dilgo Khyentse around 1950 and 1978. Later, the ngakpa Gönpo Tsering taught him Tu, the art of overcoming enemies. This was essential since his gompa in Amdo needed protection from surrounding afflictions, including ruthless bandits and wild animals. After this, he studied sutra and tantra, including the Yönten Dzö, at Sukchen Tago Gompa in Golok, which was established by the First Dodrupchen Rinpoche in 1799.

爾後,他跟隨偉大的大圓滿上師(大堪布)堪欽土登秋佩(托嘎如意寶)學習,堪欽土登秋佩也是頂果欽哲仁波切、晉美彭措堪布與第六世佐欽仁波切的上師。在那段時間,他領受了《大寶伏藏》的完整口傳,之後約於1950年和1978年又從頂果欽哲仁波切處接受了兩次。在此之後,瑜伽士貢帕赤林授予他征服敵人的技術—「突」。這十分重要,因為他在安多的修院需要保護以免於周圍的侵擾(如殘酷的匪徒與野獸)。這之後,他在果洛由第一世多智欽仁波切創建的蘇謙達果修院學習了經續與密續,其中包括《功德藏》。

His student Ngawang Khedup, who studied with Lama Gönpo in Clement Town, Dhera Dun, India, and accompanied him when he came to America, reported that among the other places Gönpo Tseten studied in his youth was one of the most famous of Tibet’s tantric colleges (Rekong Ngakmang, 'the place of many tantrikas') in Amdo, where the most secret yogic practices were taught in depth and practised to completion. At the end of the tummo course, as a test of their accomplishment, students would go on a cold winter's night into deep pits dug in the ground behind the buildings. They would go down to the bottom of one of the shafts and see how many wet blankets could be dried out in a single night by inner heat.

他的一位學生拿旺科杜(Ngawang Khedup),曾在印度德拉墩克萊門特鎮向喇嘛貢坡學習,並且跟隨他到美國,表示喇嘛貢坡在年輕時曾在別的地方學習過,包括最著名的藏密學院之一,於安多的熱貢納芒(Rekong Ngakmang,諸多密咒師之地),該處對於最秘密的瑜伽修持不僅深度教導且完整修持。於拙火課程之末,學生都要在一個寒冬夜裡進入在建築物後方掘出的深坑內,作為完成修行的測試。他們會步入深坑的底部,看看依靠體內的熱能(拙火)能夠在一個晚上蒸乾多少濕棉被。

The exuberant students would also see how far that they could ascend into the air above the hole, to discover which among them could rise up the highest. "I was told," Ngawang wrote, "that people standing at a distance away could see Lama Gönpo rising above, not just the other yogis, but also the row of buildings that were in front!" Having himself brought tantric siddhis to fruition, Lama Gönpo understood and strongly emphasized to his students that such outward signs must be the fruit of inner realization rather than goals in themselves.

精力充沛的學生們還會看他們能從坑底升起多高,看誰能升得最高。「我被告知,」拿旺寫道,「在遠處站立的人們看到喇嘛貢坡不僅升得超過其他瑜伽士,還超過了前面那排建築物。」雖然喇嘛貢坡證得了續部的成就,但他了解並大力向學生們強調,這些外在的徵象必須是內在了證的成果,而非目標本身。


Meeting with his Root Guru and Retreat 遇見根本上師與閉關

In 1932 he met his root guru, the Longchen Nyingtik lineage holder Patrul Rinpoche Kunzang Shenpen Özer of Tsö, the tulku of Patrul Rinpoche Chökyi Wangpo. Tsö Patrul Kunzang Shenpen was himself a heart-son of Adzom Drukpa Drodul Pawo Dorje, the lineage-holder of both Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo and the first Patrul Rinpoche. According to the late Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, in his autobiography Brilliant Moon, Patrul Rinpoche of Tsö was an emanation of Avalokiteshvara and a very unusual person who would feed hundreds of beggars at his monastery upon condition that they enter the gate of the Dharma and undertake ngöndro preliminary practices.

1932年,他遇到了他的根本上師,龍欽心髓的傳承持有者巴楚袞桑賢遍沃瑟,也就是華智仁波切(巴楚確吉旺波仁波切)的轉世,這位上師也是蔣揚欽哲旺波與第一世華智仁波切的傳承持有者第一世阿宗珠巴(卓度帕沃多傑)的心子。根據頂果欽哲仁波切的自傳《明月》,措地的華智(巴楚)仁波切是觀音菩薩的化身,非常不凡的人,他曾以(要發願)入佛門與修前行為條件而施食給在他寺廟的數以百計的乞丐。

Under his guru's guidance he did Richö, a solitary mountain retreat, for four years including ngöndro, tsa-lung and Dzogchen, progressing through the stages of the path to the realization of the supreme state. At the end of his retreat, Patrul Rinpoche of Tsö asked him to teach others and, in 1936, he was given the role of Dorje Lopön, or Vajra master, which has the authority to transmit the Vajrayana and its practices, and lead those practices in the Sangha. As well, he was given the knowledge-holder name Rigdzin (Vidyadhara) Trinlé Özer.

For two years he taught tsa-lung and Dzogchen at Patrul Rinpoche's monastery in Tsö. He then did further retreat for one year to deepen his realization before going to Dzogchen Monastery in 1939 and 1940.

在上師的指引下,他以四年的時間進行山法閉關(Richo,一種獨處的山上閉關)和前行、氣脈與大圓滿修持,逐步於道次第上進展而至無上的了證。在閉關的結尾階段,措地的巴楚仁波切要求他要教導其他人。1936年,他被授予金剛上師的資格,有權傳授金剛乘與其修行並引導僧團的密乘修行,同時他也被授予持明者的名號:持明欽列沃瑟。有兩年時間,他在巴楚仁波切於措地的寺院裡教授氣脈與大圓滿。之後他進一步閉關一年以加深他的了證,然後在1939年與1940年去了佐欽寺。

Returning to Sangchen Mingye Ling 回到桑謙明傑寺

Lama Gönpo then returned to his own gompa, Sangchen Mingye Ling, bringing with him with him the Kangyur, Rigdzin Jikmé Lingpa's Sung Bum, Yönten Dzö, and other major texts totaling 1,552 pages.

喇嘛貢坡之後回到他自己的修院桑謙明傑寺,所帶回的文典包括《甘珠爾》、持明吉美林巴的《作品總集》、《功德藏》和其他主要的經典,總共有1552頁。

At Sangchen Mingye Ling he was awarded the title Khenpo by the 5th Jamyang Shepa of Tashi Kyil, Lozang Jamyang Yeshe Tanpa (1916-47), the principal Gelukpa monastery at Labrang, which had a long-standing close relationship with the Ngagpa community at Rekong. Jamyang Shepa also enthroned him as Abbot of the Nyingmapa College of Tashi Kyil. He also did another several years of retreat. Converting his monastery to one which concentrated on the Longchen Nyingtik teachings of Rigdzin Jikmé Lingpa, he would teach the Kunzang Lamé Shyalung of Patrul Chökyi Wangpo. In the winter he taught tsa-lung, and in the summer, Yeshe Lama. His fame spread far and wide like the rays of the sun.

在桑謙明傑寺裡,喇嘛貢坡由紮西克爾寺(拉壤的主要格魯派寺院)的第五世蔣揚歇巴(1916-47)羅桑蔣揚伊喜當巴授予了堪布的頭銜,該寺與熱貢當地的瑜伽士社群有著長久的密切關係。之後蔣揚歇巴並為他在紮西克爾寺以寧瑪學院住持的身份陞座。之後他又進行了幾年的閉關。為了將他的寺院轉為以修行持明吉美林巴《龍欽心髓》為主的寺院,他教導了華智仁波切的《普賢上師言教》。他在冬天教氣脈,夏天則是《智慧上師》(毘瑪心髓之要),他的聲譽如同太陽的光輝一般傳得又廣又遠。

檔案:Dilgo Khyentse and Lama Gonpo 2.jpg
Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche with Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche at Rekong Gompa, circa 1950. Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche is standing 2nd on the right in the above photo, directly in front of the pillar. 貢坡赤登仁波切與頂果欽哲仁波切約1950年攝於熱貢寺。貢坡赤登仁波切位於照片中站立者的第二位(照片的右邊,讀者的左方),就在柱子前。

Numerous lamas asked him to teach at their gompas. He taught at eight monasteries throughout Amdo, teaching twice a year at each. As well as time spent teaching, Lama Gönpo did extended retreats and received many transmissions from other masters, among which around 1950 was the Rinchen Terdzö, from Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche at Rekong Gompa, at Shohong Lhaka (regarded as the actual palace of Chakrasamvara), in Amdo. Dilgo Khyentse had made the journey to Amdo with his family in order to give the Rinchen Terdzö at the request of his own guru Jamyang Khyentse Chökyi Lodrö to a gathering of 1900 ngakpas. Rekong was the birthplace of both Lama Gönpo's root guru Tsö Patrul Rinpoche and of the supremely accomplished Shabkar Tsokdruk Rangdrol; the two great masters both trained at the gompa there. The photograph on the right of this page, taken at Rekong Gompa in 1950, shows Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche and Lama Gönpo. The latter has the typical long matted locks of a ngakpa wound around his head. From 1957 to 1959 Lama Gönpo taught at the renowned Tsering Jong Monastery of Kunkhyen Jigme Lingpa himself near Lhasa.

很多喇嘛請求仁波切在他們的修院裡教學。他在安多的八座寺院教學,各個寺院一年兩次。在教學之餘,貢坡喇嘛也進行長期的閉關,並且從其他大師之處接受了很多灌頂,其中包括在安多的熱貢寺、蘇虹拉卡(被視為勝樂金剛的真實宮殿)從頂果欽哲仁波切處接受了《大寶伏藏》的灌頂。頂果欽哲在他的上師蔣揚欽哲確吉羅卓的要求下,與他的家人一起到安多對1900多位密咒士進行《大寶伏藏》的灌頂,熱貢是喇嘛貢坡根本上師措巴楚仁波切與大成就者夏嘎巴(夏嘎措竹壤卓)的故鄉,兩位大師都是在熱貢的寺院接受訓練。頁面右側的這張照片1950年攝於熱貢寺,可見到頂果欽哲仁波切與喇嘛貢坡,後者尚有密咒士典型的長髮辮結纏繞於頭頂。1957年至1959年,貢坡喇嘛在拉薩附近著名的袞欽吉美林巴之澤仁炯寺教學。

Escape from Tibet & Life in India

In 1959, Lama Gönpo managed to escape from Tibet. Having arrived in India, Lama Gönpo steadfastly continued to teach the Dharma far and wide, and received numerous teachings from other exiled teachers. There, he wrote a compact edition of the Kunzang Lamé Shyalung. To dispel obstacles, he did a three month retreat on Vajrakilaya at the residence of H.H. the Dalai Lama. At the end of his retreat the Dalai Lama presented him with an offering of a phurba, a national treasure passed down from the great terton Nyang Ral Nyima Özer (1124–1192), the first of the five sovereign terma revealers. Much later, since no material object was important to him in the least unless it could serve the Dharma, due to his foreknowledge at the appropriate time before he departed for the Copper-Coloured Mountain in 1991, Lama Gönpo transferred this precious artifact to a generous benefactor and gave all of the large donations he received to help fund the community of nuns he was guiding in Amdo.

From 1967 to 1978, Lama Gönpo taught at the Nyingmapa Lamas College at Clement Town, Dehra Dun, India, teaching the entire range of the preliminary and advanced practices. Tashi Tsering, who is at present (2009) studying for his PhD at the University of British Columbia, wrote of Lama Gönpo's life at that time: "He lived next to our house in Mussoorie [near Clement Town], India, in the early to mid 1970's. My mother once said that Agu [uncle] Gönpo Tseten can levitate up to a meter cross-legged because of his yogic and spiritual accomplishments. I was about 5 years old; I used to sit next to him as he painted thangkas. I remember one time he painted my little sister's nails, and mine too. Although I met him only a few times when I was about 5, I remember vividly that he radiated what I now realize was loving kindness."

In 1978, Lama Gönpo was requested to come and teach in the United States by Gyatrul Rinpoche. Ngawang Khedup related that as plans were being made for the Lama's journey to teach in the USA, "...when the word got out some young lamas from the big monastery turned up at his house in Clement Town and requested with a mandala offering to give teachings to them before he left and to pass on his special lineage and techniques. This amused Lama Gönpo to no end and he told them in his colloquial Tibetan that I understood well enough that, 'In all the years I have been here no one has come around asking for these teachings and now that you have learned that I am teaching westerners and going to California, all of a sudden you come asking for my transmission; best you go back to your big monastery and get the teachings from your big Lama there.'"

Before his departure for America, together with a vast body of practitioners Lama Gönpo again received the Rinchen Terdzö from Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, this time at Mindroling Monastery in Dhera Dun. During the regular breaks in the empowerments themselves Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche gave oral commentary and teachings on the transmitted texts and practices to the assembled multitudes at Dilgo Khyentse's request.

Visits to the West

檔案:Lama Gonpo Tsedan Yeshe Lama Forestville 1981 1.jpg
Gonpo Tseten Rinpoche transmitting the Yeshe Lama, Forestville, CA 1981

From 1979 to early 1982, accompanied by his consort Pema Lhanzam, he taught mainly in California. He taught almost the entire Longchen Nyingtik cycle, including the Yeshe Lama to his devoted students. He was particularly skillful in his guidance of disciples, and could be very gentle, paternal, warm, and encouraging or forthrightly challenging, always expecting those who studied with him to make the greatest possible effort in their practice.

Lama Gonpo continually stressed the importance of careful practice. He would point out that he himself had completed the ngöndro preliminary practices three times. The first time was when he was about thirteen or fourteen, and he said that he went through the recitation quickly and afterward didn't feel that it was very firm. The second time, thinking he hadn't done the ngöndro so well, he did it again with great care. Then, the young Gönpo Tseten felt it had come out quite well. The third time he did the preliminary practices, he performed them with the motivation of liberating all sentient beings burning deep in his heart, "and it came very, very well." While he taught that the main practice of the Dzogpa Chenpo is Trekchö and Tögal, the ngöndro is the foundation.

Once, after the appearance of unmistakable signs, Lama Gönpo told a disciple, "You are definitely the incarnation of a yogin of Tibet who did Dorje Phurba practice." When the student asked if it was possible to discover more about this, his teacher casually replied, "Of course, but inquiring into past lives is not important for most people. It takes away attention from the key point. The key point for you is to bring to fulfillment the practice in this very lifetime." A few days thereafter the vidyadhara bestowed the necessary empowerments on the student in order for him to continue the path his teacher had identified.

While in America, Lama Gönpo was an inexhaustible river of extensive ripening empowerments and teachings on every level of the Longchen Nyingtik. This included: teachings and prayers upon first awakening in the morning, teachings on the Nine Yanas, Rigdzin Jikme Lingpa's kyérim text Staircase to Akanishtha, extensive Chö transmissions[3], Phowa, Shitro, Yumka Dechen Gyalmo (the Queen of Great Bliss), Rigdzin Düpa, among many others, as well as teachings on the nature of mind—from both Semdé and Longdé categories, and all the way up to and including the unsurpassed Yeshe Lama—all transmitted from the perspective of highest Dzogchen Atiyoga. The minds of numerous students were ripened and set firmly on the path as a result of his teachings. Two well-known scholars who studied with Lama Gonpo were Anne C. Klein and John Myrdhin Reynolds.

Return to Tibet

檔案:Gonpo Tseten Rinpoche Umbrella.jpg
Gonpo Tseten Rinpoche with Alak Jinpa, head of Tsö Patrul Rinpoche's retreat center, Amdo, prior to 1991

When the Chinese government allowed exiled Tibetans to return in 1982 Lama Gönpo, despite the fact that he had attained the age of 76, courageously returned to Amdo, the region of his birth, and gathered a dedicated community of practitioners including monks, ngakpas, nuns and lay people (both Tibetan and Chinese) to help in the revival of the Dharma in the Land of Snows. He returned to America in 1983 and again in 1984, and several of his devoted Western disciples made the journey to Amdo. In some cases his Western students were able to return to be with their guru many times, staying for as long as possible to be near him. In 1984 Lama Gönpo spent time with H.H. Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche in France before returning to Tibet for the final time. They remained in close communication after Lama Gonpo's return to Tibet until his passing at the age of 85 in 1991. According to Tulku Thondup[4], Tulku Urgyen Rinpoche, Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche and Trulshik Rinpoche were H.H. Dilgo Khyentse's most senior disciples.

Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche's Qualities

Before Lama Gönpo left the USA the first time, at a final interview with one of his students, who was himself embarking on the path of a spiritual teacher, the disciple requested his root guru, "This is the last time we will meet in this life. What are your essential instructions for me?" The great vidyadhara answered simply, "Always teach pure Dharma, and always rest in rigpa." In these two phrases Lama Gönpo Tseten set forth a succinct and accurate description of his own life and teaching.

Lama Gönpo Tseten was deeply humble and comfortable in all situations, both high and low, and was immune to praise or blame. Unlike many people who are called spiritual teachers, he never found enjoyment in sitting on high thrones or receiving the veneration of his students. Lama Gönpo kept to the style of a hidden yogi. He had no interest in wearing brocade robes, and had a minimum of material possessions. His consort often mended the ones he had, since he preferred to dress simply and did not care in the slightest about impressing others. As a guru Lama Gönpo's approach was always matter-of-fact, and his teachings in both public and private were such that his hearers felt that he was speaking as one person to another, never as a king to a lowly subject. One always had the impression that he cared about you deeply, and that his words and actions were the outward activity of great inward compassion deriving from his own lived experience.

Like the ancient Mahasiddhas, Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche had no interest in having large numbers of students, founding organizations, or building dharma centers and so left that activity for other masters to accomplish. Although he himself possessed unimpeded insight and had the power to authoritatively recognize and enthrone tulkus, which he occasionally did as he foresaw would be helpful, Lama Gönpo did not consider his own enthronement as a reincarnate master to be necessary and so dispensed with that formality.

As were Chöje Longchen Rabjam, Kunkhyen Jikme Lingpa, and Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche was regarded as a secret emanation of Panchen Vimalamitra, who brought the Dzogchen teachings to Tibet. This was alluded to in his long life prayer, written by Kyabjé Dungse Thinley Norbu Rinpoche of Pemakö, who considered Lama Gonpo to be among the greatest yogis of the 20th century:

檔案:Gonpo Tseten Rinpoche in Tibet.jpg
Lama Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche, photo taken at his residence in Labrang, Amdo, 1986. Photo credit: Eileen Weintraub
Of the millions of knowledge-holders
The chief is the Supreme Vimalamitra,
Whose light-ray sunlike activity you invite as guests
Into the lotus-like Wisdom Mansion of your heart.
Glorious teacher Vidyadhara Trinley Ozer, may you live long.
The Dzogpa Chenpo is the Dakinis' luminous heart-essence,
The Supreme Dharma's excellent activity spread widely like pollen.
May your fortunate disciples gathering like bees to honey,
Fly in the Dharmakaya's sky.

Passing Away

Lama Gönpo had planned to depart this world on the tenth day of the sixth Tibetan month, which is the anniversary of the miraculous birth of Padmasambhava, Guru Tsokyé Dorje, the Lake-Born Vajra. However, he kindly acceded to his students' request and delayed his departure three days. Like Kunzang Sherab the 1st Throneholder of Palyul, and Terdak Lingpa the founder of Mindroling, just before his parinirvana the vidyadhara Trinlé Özer, as he had predicted, saw the dakinis coming to convey his consciousness to the Copper-Coloured Mountain, Guru Rinpoche's pure land. Lama Gönpo made beautiful inviting mudras as his physical body was dying, and passed into the sphere of ultimate truth on the 13th day of the sixth Tibetan month in the (female) Iron-Sheep Year of the 17th Rabjung, 1991.

Subsequently, further signs of Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche's attainment of the uncommon siddhi continued to manifest. Even though obstacles arising in the minds of the local authorities prevented Lama Gönpo's disciples from cremating the precious Kudung of the master according to the traditional method, still, a great number of pearl-like ringsel, one of the five types of sacred relics, were present in the ashes. As well, an image of Milarepa was visible in a bone fragment. These have been preserved to this day in both Tibet and America.

Like his root guru Tsö Patrul Rinpoche, Lama Gönpo did not consider that the public recognition of a tulku in infancy was invariably preferable, but rather giving the rebirth of a realized master the opportunity to mature and practice without publicity and its attendant distractions could be beneficial in the long run. He mentioned in 1981 that he would not reincarnate as a conventional tulku, but would send emanations directly from Zangdokpalri.

Writings

Some writings of Lama Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche (published under the name Gonpo Tseten):

  • Dorje Phurba: Developing and Completion Stage Practice (1962),
  • Preliminary Practices of the Longchen Nyingtik: a Commentary (1964),
  • Tsa-Lung: Completion Stage Practice (1966),
  • Life History of the Longchen Nyingtig Lamas: Longchenpa and Jigme Lingpa (1979),
  • In Praise of Longchenpa (1979),
  • The Life of Guru Rinpoche and the Meaning of the Tsog Offering (1981),
  • Kye Rim: A Developing Stage Practice of Rigdzin Dupa, and
  • Yumkha Dechen Gyalmo Commentary.

In addition to his own writings, in 1977 Lama Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche also published in Gangtok the following texts by Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo:

  • Immortal Celebration: the Empowerment Liturgy of the Text “Extracting the Essence for Prolonging Longevity" (a terma of the Fifth Dalai Lama),
  • A Rough List of Scholars and Translators of Tibet, the Land of Snow,
  • A Brief Account of the Throneholders of Both New and Old Tantric Schools of the Land of Snow: The Wondrous Lotus Garden.

Artistic Accomplishments

Among Lama Gönpo Tseten's many artistic accomplishments are two major murals in Clement Town, Dhera Dun, India: “Amitabha in Dewachen” at Tashi Gommo Gelugpa Monastery, and “Mount Meru and the Universe System” at the Nyingmapa Lamas College. He also painted a large thangka of the Longchen Nyingtik Refuge Tree and smaller thangkas of Padmasambhava and Vajrakilaya, some of which he gave to Thinley Norbu Rinpoche. Subsequently, the main figure of Guru Rinpoche of Lama Gönpo's painting of Padmasambhava, Longchen Rabjam, and Jikme Lingpa, which can be seen below, was used as the cover for The Padmakara Translation Group's translation of White Lotus by the 1st Jamgon Mipham Rinpoche.

Gallery of Images

Notes

  1. An extraordinary siddha, he is referred to as Lama Ngakchang (རིག་སྔགས་འཆང་) Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche in Dudjom Rinpoche's biography Light of Fearless Indestructible Wisdom, Snow Lion Publications, Ithaca, NY, 2008, page 143, by Khenpo Tsewang Dongyal.
  2. However, after two years he and his wife separated. He later married again, this time to Drolma Chi with whom he happily spent the remainder of his time in Tibet before 1959. Three years before the Chinese army arrived, he moved to Lhasa with his wife and son. Unfortunately, in the terrible conditions during the Chinese invasion of Tibet, Gönpo Tseten became separated from his wife and son, who did not escape.
  3. This was one of the first and most extensive transmissions of the Chö teachings given in North America, according to the famous Longchen Nyingtik Chö text called Laughter of the Dakinis.
  4. Cited in Masters of Meditation and Miracles, page 347
  5. This thangka was given to Thinley Norbu Rinpoche and later used to illustrate the cover of White Lotus, translated by the Padmakara Translation Group, Shambhala 2007.

References for Biography

Immortal Protector of Beings: A Brief Biography of Lama Gonpo Tseten, 1992; Lama Gonpo's published Curriculum Vitae, 1979 and 1980; Long Life Prayer of Rigdzin Trinley Ozer (Lama Gonpo Tseten) by Thinley Norbu Rinpoche, 1979; Booklet on the Vajrakilaya Empowerment which includes a biography of Lama Gonpo Tseten, 1980; various remembrances by Tashi Tsering, Phurba Trinley, Rinchen Khandro, Yang Chen, Jangchub Drolma, Ngawang Khedup, and recollections by his long-time translator and heart-disciple Choying Palmo. Other references are taken from The Nyingma School of Tibetan Buddhism, Volume I, 1st Edition, by Jikdral Yeshe Dorje, Dudjom Rinpoche, Wisdom Publications, Boston, Massachusetts; 1991, Masters of Meditation and Miracles: The Longchen Nyingtig Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism, by Tulku Thondup Rinpoche, Shambhala Publications, 1st ed, Boston, 1996; The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China, by Charlene E. Makley, U of California Press, 2007; and from The Spirit of Tibet, a biography of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche by Matthieu Ricard, copyright 2000, Aperture Foundation, New York, NY.

Rigpa Wiki

Gönpo Tseten Rinpoche

""Decode Wiki"" hereby provides the Chinese translation of certain contents from ""Rigpa Wiki"" with permission for all readers and free of charge, however, does not serve as its official translation. Suggestions and corrections are highly appreciated.

「解密維基」經「本覺維基」同意將其網站內容進行中譯並提供讀者免費參照,但非該網之官方中譯。敬請各方不吝指教。