"Four variables 四不定心所(悔、眠、尋、伺)" 修訂間的差異

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於 2015年7月25日 (六) 11:40 的修訂

Four variables (Skt. aniyata; Tib. གཞན་འགྱུར་བཞི་, Wyl. gzhan ‘gyur bzhi) — a set of four mental states which are part of the fifty-one mental states, so-called because their nature (virtuous, non-virtuous or neutral) varies according to one's motivation and other accompanying mental states. They are:

  1. sleep (Skt. middha; Tib. གཉིད་, Wyl. gnyid)
  2. regret (Skt. kaukṛtya; Tib. འགྱོད་པ་, Wyl. ‘gyod pa)
  3. conception (Skt. vitarka; Tib. རྟོག་པ་, Wyl. rtog pa)
  4. discernment (Skt. vicāra; Tib. དཔྱོད་པ་, Wyl. dpyod pa)

Alternative Translations

  • four changeable types of subsidiary awareness (Alexander Berzin)
  • four changeable mental factors
  1. .
  2. remorse, contrition
  3. reasoning, investigation, examination
  4. analysis