Eleven virtuous states

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The eleven virtuous states (Skt. ekadaśa kuśala; Tib. དགེ་བའི་སེམས་བྱུང་བཅུ་གཅིག་, Wyl. dge ba’i sems byung bcu gcig) are a category of mental states among the fifty-one mental states, so-called because they are virtuous states of mind or factors that can act as antidotes against destructive emotions. They are:

  1. Faith (Skt. śraddhā; Tib. དད་པ་, dépa; Wyl. dad pa)
  2. Dignity (Skt. hri; Tib. ངོ་ཚ་ཤེས་པ་, Wyl. ngo tsha shes pa)
  3. Propriety (Skt. apatrāpya; Tib. ཁྲེལ་ཡོད་པ་, Wyl. khrel yod pa)
  4. Nonattachment (Skt. alobha; Tib. མ་ཆགས་པ་, Wyl. ma chags pa)
  5. Nonaggression (Skt. adveṣa; Tib. ཞེས་སྡང་མེད་པ་, Wyl. zhes sdang med pa)
  6. Nondelusion (Skt. amoha; Tib. གཏི་མུག་མེད་པ་, Wyl. gti mug med pa)
  7. Diligence (Skt. vīrya; Tib. བརྩོན་འགྲུས་, tsöndrü; Wyl. brtson ‘grus)
  8. Pliancy or flexibility (Skt. praśrabdhi; Tib. ཤིན་ཏུ་སྦྱང་བ་, Wyl. shin tu sbyang ba)
  9. Conscientiousness (Skt. apramāda; Tib. བག་ཡོད་པ་, bayö; Wyl. bag yod pa)
  10. Evenness or Equanimity (Skt. upekṣā; Tib. བཏང་སྙོམས་, tang nyom; Wyl. btang snyoms)
  11. Nonviolence (Skt. avihiṃsā; Tib. རྣམ་པར་མི་འཚེ་བ་, Wyl. rnam par mi ‘tshe ba)

Alternative Translations

  1. confidence
  2. self-respect/sense of shame
  3. see propriety
  4. detachment
  5. nonhatred
  6. nonbewilderment
  7. see diligence
  8. suppleness
  9. .
  10. .
  11. nonharmfulness