"藏音詞彙表" 修訂間的差異

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[[Category:中英名相對照]]
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[[分類: 中英名相對照 Glossary A to Z & Text Title Translation]]
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[[Category:藏音對照]]
 
[[Category:藏音對照]]

於 2019年2月17日 (日) 13:45 的最新修訂

藏文發音 藏文拼音 英文(梵文) 中文
bon bon Bon religion 苯教
ch ja chen po phyag rgya chen po Mahamudra 大手印
chang chup chi sem byang chub sems dpa bodhisattva 菩薩
chin kor dkyil ‘khor mandala 壇城、曼達
chod gcod cutting practice 施身法、斷法
chö chos dharma
chö ku chos sku dharmakaya 法身
chö ngön pa chos mngon pa Abhidharma 阿毗達磨
damsig dam tshig samaya 三昧耶
do mdo sutra 佛經
Dorje Chang rdo rje ‘chang Vajradhara 金剛持
Dorje Phagmo rdo rje phag mo Vajravarahi 金剛亥母
drup top grub thob siddha 成就者
gom sgom meditate 禪修
gur mgur spiritual song 道歌
Kadampa bka’ gdams pa Kadampa 噶當派
Kagyu bka’ brgyud Kagyu 噶舉
khandroma mkha’ ‘gro ma dakini 空行母
korlo gur wa khor lo sdom pa chakravartin 轉輪聖王
korwa khor ba samsara 輪迴
kön chok sum dkon mchog gsum three jewels 三寶
ku sum sku gsum kayas, three 三身
Kundu Sangpo kun dga’ bzong po Samantabhadra 普賢王如來
lama bla ma guru 上師
lay las karma 業、羯摩
lhag tong lhag mthong Vipashyana 毗婆舍那、觀
lhen chik kye pay yeshe lhan cig skyes pa’i ye shes coemergent wisdom 俱生智
nam tar rnam thar spiritual biography 修行傳記、成就者傳
naro chödruk na ro chos drug Six Yogas of Naropa 那洛六法、那洛巴的六瑜伽
ngak sngags mantra
nyangde myang ‘das nirvãna 涅槃
nyen gyu snyan rgyud whispered trans. 口耳傳承
nyön mong nyon mongs klesha 煩惱、染污
phowa pho ba transfer of conscious. 遷識
phung po nga pung po nga five aggregates 五蘊
rang sang gye rang sangs rgyas pratyekabuddha 辟支佛
repa ras pa tantric adept "密續成就者

[中譯註:藏文音譯爲「惹巴」,指僅穿一層棉布單衣的苦行修行者]"

sam ten bsam gtan dhyana meditation 靜慮
sherab shes rab prajña 般若、慧
shine zhi gnas Shamatha 奢摩他、止
tan chö bstan bcos shastra
tek pa chen po theg pa chan po Mahayana 大乘
thab lam thabs lam skillful means 善巧方便
thö pa thod pa skull cup 顱器
tigle thig le subtle drop 明點
tin ne zin Ting nge ‘dzing samadhi 三摩地
tong len glong len giving and taking 自他交換法
tong pa nyi strong pa nyid emptiness 空性
torma gtor ma ritual cakes 食子
tummo gtum mo subtle heat 拙火
wang dbang empowerment 灌頂
yeshe ye shes jñana


藏文發音 藏文拼音 英文(梵文) 中文
bardo bar do intermediate‭ ‬stage 中陰狀態
bya‭ ‬ba gyu bya ba’i‭ ‬rgyud kriya tantra 事部密續
cha ja chen po phyag rgya chen po Mahamudra 大手印
chang chup sem pa byang chub sems dpa’ bodhisattva 菩薩
chang chup sems byang chub kyi sems bodhichitta 菩提心
che rim bskyed rim development‭ ‬stage 生起次第
chinkor dkyil‭ ‬‘khor mandala 壇城、曼陀羅
cho chos dharma 佛法
cho kyi wangs chos dbyings dharmadhatu 法界
da po mkha’‭ ‬‘gro daka 勇父
do mdo sutra
Dorje rdo rje vajra 金剛
dorje gur rdo rje gur‭?‬ dohas 金剛歌、證道歌
dorje tek pa rdo rje theg pa Vajrayana 金剛乘
drup chen grub thob chen‭ ‬po mahasiddha 大成就者
dzog rim rdzogs rim completion‭ ‬stage 圓滿次第
grong‭ ‬‘jug phowa ejection‭ ‬of‭ ‬conscsciousness 頗瓦、遷識
gur doha 道歌
gyu lu sgyu lus illusory body 幻身
gyu rgyud tantra 密續
gyu ma chen mo Mahamudra tantra 大手印續
Kagyu bka’‭ ‬brgyud Kagyu 噶舉
kal‭ ‬pa bskal pa kalpa
khandra mkha’‭ ‬gro ma dakini 空行母
khyung khyung garuda 大鵬金翅鳥
kon chok sum dkon mchog gsum three jewels 三寶
kor wa khor ba samsara 輪迴
ku sum sku gsum kayas‭, ‬three 三身
kye dorje kye’‭ ‬rdo rje Hevajra tantra 《喜金剛續》
lama bla ma guru 上師
lay las karma
lung lung ritual reading 過嚨、口傳
mi lam rmi lam dream practice 睡夢修持
mtha’bzhi four empowerments 四種灌頂
na bor pa rnal‭ ‬‘byor pa yogini 瑜伽女
na ro cho drug na ro chos drug six yogas‭, ‬Naropa 那洛六法
nam tar rnam thar spiritual biography 修道傳記
nsl jot ls ns mr pay ju rnal‭ ‬‘byor bla na med pa’i Anuttarayoga 無上瑜伽
nya ngen lay day pa nirvana 涅槃
nyon mangs klesha 煩惱
pan di ta pan di ta pandita 班智達
parol tu chinpa pha rol tu phyin pan paramita 波羅蜜多、超越、圓滿
phowa pho ba‭ / ‬grong‭ ‬‘jug ejection of‭ ‬conscsciousness 頗瓦、遷識
pung pa phung po skandha
rinpoche rin po che incarnate lama 仁波切、轉世上師
sang pa dus pa gsang ba‭ ‬‘dus Guhyasamaja 密集金剛
she rab shes rab prajna 般若、慧
srang gold 黃金
tan pa hyui dar later translation school 新譯派、後弘期
tan pur nga dar early translation school 舊譯派、前弘期
thangka thang ka scroll painting 唐卡、卷軸畫
tong pa nyi stong pa nyid shunyata 空性
torma gtor ma ritual cake 朵瑪、食子
tri khrid practice instruction‭ ‬ 修持講解
tsa way‭ ‬lama rtsa bai bla ma root lama 根本上師
tummo gtum mo subtle‭ ‬heat 拙火
wong dbang bsku empowerment 灌頂
yeshe ye shes wisdom
yidam yi dam meditational deity 本尊


藏文發音 藏文拼音 英文(梵文) 中文
brgua byin Brgya byin Indra 因陀羅、帝釋天
Cha ja chen po Phyag rgya chen po Mahamudra 大手印
chang chang Beer 青稞酒
Chang chup chi sem Byang chub kyi sems Bodhichitta 菩提心
Chang chup sem pa Byang chub sems dpa’ bodhisattva 菩薩
chenrezig Spyan ras gzigs Avalokiteshvara 觀世音菩薩
chinkor dkyil ‘khor mandala 壇城
cho chos dharma 佛法
cho ku chos sku dharmakaya 法身
dorje palmo rdo rje rnal ‘byor ma Vajrayogini 金剛瑜伽女
dorje phagmo rdo rje phag mo Vajravarahi 金剛亥母
dra chom pa dgra bcom pa arhat 阿羅漢
drup tap grub thabs sadhana 儀軌,法本
drup thop chen po grub thob chen po mahasiddha 大成就者
Gampopa Sgam po pa Gampopa 岡波巴
ga dan dga ldan Tushhita 兜率天
gyu rgyud tantra
jik ten cho gye jig rten chos brgyad Eight worldly dharma 世間八法
Kadampa bka’ gdams pa Kadampa 噶當巴
Kagyu bka’ brgyud Kagyu 噶舉
Karma Kagyu karma bka’ brgyud Karma Kagyu 噶瑪噶舉
Karmapa karma pa Karmapa 噶瑪巴
khandroma mkha’ gro ma dakini 空行母
khrag thung Khrag ‘thung dpa’ bo heruka 嘿嚕嘎
kor lo khor lo chakra
kor wa khor ba samsara 輪迴
korlo dompa khor lo sdom pa Chakrasamvara 勝樂金剛
ku sum sku gsum kayas, three 三身
kye dorje Kye rdo rje Hevajra 喜金剛
Marpa mar pa Marpa 馬爾巴
mi bskyod pa mi bskyod pa Aksobhya 阿閦如來,不動佛
Milarepa mi la ras pa Milarepa 密勒日巴
nam par nang dze Rnam par snang mdzad Vairocanna 毗盧遮那佛,大日如來
nam tar rnam thar spiritual biography 修道傳記
ngondro Sngon ‘gro Preliminary practices 前行,加行
nyangde myang ‘das nirvana 涅槃
rinchen jungne rin chen ‘byang ldon Ratnasambhava 寶生如來
sa sa Bodhisattva levels 菩薩諸地
shakya tubpa sha kyat hub pa Shakyamuni Buddha 釋迦牟尼佛
tek pa chen po theg pa chen po Mahayana 大乘
thigle thig le bindu 明點
Thok me thogs med Asanga 無著菩薩,無著尊者
Tilopa ti lo pa Tilopa 帝洛巴
tin ne zin ting nge ‘dzin samadhi 三摩地
tong pa nyi strog pa nyid emptiness 空性
tummo gtum mo subtle heat 拙火
u ma dbu ma central channel 中脈
ye she ye shes jnana
yidam yi dam yidam 本尊